Quilting Blog

Why So Many Quilters Love English Paper Piecing

English paper piecing — it’s quite a mouthful, but it sounds more complicated than it is! English paper piecing (or EPP) is quilting technique used to hand sew intricate patchwork with the aid of paper templates. 

English Paper Pieced Table Runner

Images via Stitched in Color

How is English paper piecing different from traditional quilt piecing?

With traditional patchwork, you cut fabric pieces in precise shapes and sew with consistent seam allowances to create a patchwork fabric. This is fairly straightforward when sewing squares, strips and rectangles. With a little instruction, you can learn to traditionally piece most triangles, too. 

But, when it comes to more irregular shapes such as hexagons, challenging triangles and jewel shapes, traditional patchwork becomes an advanced skill. Many struggle with accurate cutting of these finicky shapes. Little variances in seam allowance quickly snowball into disappointing results.

English paper piecing changes all of this! With EPP, you don’t have to cut shapes precisely or sew a consistent seam allowance. Instead, you use the magic of a paper template to define shapes. 

How English paper piecing works

Let’s break down the basic steps of English paper piecing:

  1. Cut fabrics larger than desired shape
  2. Create paper templates in exact desired shape
  3. Wrap fabric around paper template with a generous seam allowance on all sides
  4. Secure fabric to template temporarily with basting stitches or glue
  5. Sew basted shapes together by hand
  6. Remove template papers
English Paper Piecing Papers

Basting the pieces easy and quick. The resulting crisp shapes are oh-so-satisfying.  In fact, they are so satisfying that you have to resist making stacks of shapes and no finished projects!

After basting, when you join shapes to make a patchwork fabric, the stitching is much slower. Soon you’ll find a comfortable rhythm and begin to understand why EPP has had such a lasting appeal.

Benefits of English paper piecing

English paper piecing is a popular technique with both new and seasoned quilters, and once you try it, you’ll quickly see why so many love it!

It’s easy

As we’ve already covered, you don’t have to be skilled at cutting precise shapes or sewing a perfect ¼” seam allowance. These are exactly the skills beginners often struggle with. English paper piecing bypasses these challenges.

Paper Piecing in Progress

It’s precise

No matter how intricate your pattern, EPP will yield consistent-size finished patchwork. The stiff paper templates provide structure to keep you on track. Pointy paper corners keep fabrics poised to become sharp points. It’s easy to start and stop sewing anywhere in the work, making EPP the best method for creating patchwork with irregular shapes.  With English Paper Piecing, Y-seams and partial seams won’t scare you now!

It’s portable and compact

Do you live in a small space or find yourself often away from home? With EPP, you don’t need constant access to a sewing machine, cutting table and pressing board. You can cut all your general shapes in advance, then put those supplies away.

Supplies for English Paper Piecing

Your EPP toolkit consists of lightweight paper templates, little stacks of fabrics (or scraps), a needle and thread. That’s it!  Take your project with you to occupy time while commuting, waiting for appointments or just to keep your hands busy when you’re watching a sports game or show.

It’s meditative

We all need to bring balance to our screen-heavy lifestyles. Meditative hobbies such as English paper  piecing require you to unplug and slow down. EPP can’t be rushed. As you settle into your project, your whole body will be nurtured by the simple, repetitive process. Enjoy it in silence, in nature or among friends. In every instance, once you find your rhythm, EPP will often take on a lovely, healing quality. 

In fact, it can be hard to stop! You will always want to make just one more stitch. Fortunately, there are lots of English Paper Piecing projects to try!


Linda Mihay

I have done some “Grandma’s Garden” pieces, but they are stand-alone…not connected with a bunch of background hexies. How are hexies (or EPP’s) put on batting and backings? I don’t see anything, anywhere about sandwiching and quilting these things. Thanks!

Mary Gillette

If you want to make a quilt or quilted item, after you’ve sewn your unit together and take the paper pieces out, you join them together into a top just like you’d piece any other quilt top. Then the batting and backing would create the normal “quilt sandwich”.

If you wanted to add batting and backing to the individual EPP piece, you could do it a couple of ways….cut batting pieces the size and shape of your EPP paper and place it between the paper and the fabric and baste as usual. When the papers are out and everything is connected to each other, you could hand or machine quilt once the backing has been added.

A third option would be to put the batting pieces under the fabric shape, and cut a backing piece that would be large enough to wrap over the paper (placed on top of fabric and batting) and folded over the fabric twice (fold once for the seam allowance) and the second time to cover the raw edges of the original fabric of the hexi or other shape that’s atop the batting and sew it down. When all of the shapes are done, sew the edges of each finished patch to connect them all.


I highly recommend the book“1000 great quilting stich patterns“ by Luise Roberts…
It gives you a lot of information abou how to assemble the batting and the two fabric sides and many ideas on how you can „quilt“ or piece with different designs all the layers together…

Rachel Hauser

If you do not wish to join your Grandma’s Garden flowers you can applique them onto a background fabric after removing the papers. Applique is a quick way to use EPP without having to create an all-EPP quilt top.

Barbara perino

For a smaller table mat, I made a duplicate in a different colorway, and edge stitched together by hand … making it reversible

Jean Marie

How do you get the paper pieces back out after you have sewn the edges? Won’t small bits of paper be “sewn into” the edges?
Thank you


Most of the times it is easy to get them out by simply squishing them a bit… Unless you have overlapped the fabric more then 0,5 cm or have sewn the fabric pieces AND the paper together… But normally you will realize that by having problems with the thick double fabric AND the paper when pushing the needle…
If you want to reuse the paper pieces it might be useful to iron the cracks and folds of the squishing….


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